If you asked a random person on the street how they think the universe was came about, they will likely tell you it was the big bang. Big bang, also called astronomical evolution, is a model that teaches that everything came from nothing (i.e., no God required). There was no time or space and something popped into existence and rapidly exploded or expanded billions of years ago into what we have today.
But did a sudden expansion of this initial singularity really create our universe billions of years ago? Or are there fundamental flaws with the big bang that most people simply aren’t talking about?
To understand the flaws behind the big bang, it’s important to understand a little more about what it is. In short, the big bang is a naturalistic idea about the origin and development of the universe (also known as a cosmology). Bear in mind that no one has ever observed or repeated the big bang, so it really isn’t within the realm of observational or repeatable science.
In the standard big bang model, the universe began with the sudden existence of a “singularity” when all mass, energy, and space was contained in a much smaller volume than the universe today. Nevertheless, there are several different big bang models and variations. Generally, evolutionists claim that, from that point, the universe has continually expanded and grown over billions of years with an initial inflation and then a slow down to the current rate.
What most people probably don’t know is that scientists and biblical scholars alike have found serious flaws with the big bang hypothesis. Not only does this religious view of the origin of the universe not stand the test of Scripture, but even scientists are using more and more evidence to refute it.
So then why is Big Bang so popular?
You may find it interesting that the very name “big bang” actually came from Sir Frederick Hoyle, who used the term in a mocking way. The idea of an ever-expanding universe surfaced in the 1920s with Belgian Catholic priest Georges Lemaître. But it wasn’t until about 40 years later that the idea grew in popularity.
Most models, though, simply didn’t work with the big bang. But in 1964, scientists discovered the Cosmic Microwave Background (CMB), and other cosmologies quickly fell out of favor. After all, the CMB was the only successful prediction model at that time.
Soon, though, inconsistencies in the model arose, yet scientists simply made additions to the model to account for the issues. In fact, scientists continue to do this today, which indicates that this devotion to the big bang model comes from assumptions, not empirical evidence. In fact, there is no solid evidence to refute the scientific issues we discuss later in this article.
The Bible stands as the final authority on all things. God, who created the entire universe, wrote the words of the Bible so that we could have life and know the truth. So why is it that many Christians easily toss out Scriptures when they contradict popular modern-day secular humanistic and naturalistic religious ideas like the big bang?
The reality is that the big bang does not align with Scripture. On the contrary, the Word of God contradicts the idea of the big bang in numerous ways.
First of all, the big bang model indicates the formation of the universe has taken billions and billions of years. Yet the Bible says in Genesis 1 that God created the entire universe in only six days and then rested on the seventh. This is the foundation of our seven-day week—something even ancient civilizations have used in history.
Some old-earth creationists who ascribe to the big bang claim that these six days are figurative and that each day represents an age. Imagine if you will millions of years of the earth’s existence (day 1) before the sun was made (day 4) and millions of years of plants (day 3) before the sun (day 4). Imagine millions of years of land animals existing and dying out (day 6) and separated from man who was also made on the same day (day 6)! It is wildly illogical.
Also consider if millions of years existed before sin. If this were the case, then death and decay must have existed before Adam and Eve sinned. This certainly cannot be so because death and disease are a direct result of the Fall, as Genesis 2:17 clearly states:
“But from the tree of the knowledge of good and evil you shall not eat, for in the day that you eat from it you will surely die.”
Adam’s sin affected animals as well. The first death of an animal in the Bible was in Genesis 3:21—the direct result of man’s sin! There is a relationship between human sin and animal death. Originally man and all the animals (which were under man’s dominion) were vegetarian (Genesis 1:29-30) and this is what we expected from a God of life—a world full of life originally, not death. You can read Acts 3:21; Romans 5:12-21 and 8:19-22; 1 Corinthians 15:22-55; Colossians 1:15-21; and Revelation 21-22 for more biblical evidence as to why sin and disease are a direct result of Adam’s sin.
On top of this, the Bible and its genealogies indicates that the earth is only about 6,000 years old—not billions. We see a span of about 2,000 years from Creation to Abraham, and around 4,000 years from Abraham to modern day. The works of ancient historians also seem to support this idea of the world being thousands of years old instead of millions or billions.
According to the big bang model, stars existed billions of years before the earth did. But the Bible clearly states that God created the earth (day 1) before He created the starry hosts (day 4).
Genesis 1:9-13 says that God even created vegetation on the third day before creating the stars, the sun, and the moon on the fourth day. He created the stars in order to provide people with a way to mark time and seasons.
Dr. Hugh Ross, an old-earth creationist, asserts that Christians misinterpret Genesis 1:14-19. Instead of God creating the stars on the fourth day, he believes God merely made the atmosphere transparent so that the stars and other light producing bodies were finally visible on earth’s surface from time to time. Before day 4, he claims, the earth was covered in thick clouds, blocking any sign of stars in the sky and any direct sunlight.
But there is no evidence for this whatsoever. Genesis 1 mentions no clouds to cover the atmosphere, nor does any Scripture seem to indicate that thick clouds covered the earth for billions of years. These odd ideas come strictly from the mind of man trying to reinterpret God’s Word to fit with the secular humanistic model of origins of the universe. This type of compromise is called “syncretism” where people mix two different religions—in this case a secular religion and Christianity.
Big bang adherents would say the earth began as a molten planet. Over billions of years, that molten planet cooled down, developed oceans, and began growing single and multicellular life and then vegetation—supposedly.
This in no way lines up with Scripture. The Bible tells us God created the earth out of water, not molten rock. Genesis 1:2-9 explains how, in the very beginning, the Spirit of God was hovering over the waters. Then the Lord separated the waters to create sky (including the atmosphere) and then gathered the waters below. Then God created the land.
2 Peter 3:5 confirms this account:
“For they deliberately overlook this fact, that the heavens existed long ago, and the earth was formed out of water and through water by the word of God.”
In addition, if the earth began as a molten planet, how did water appear—and in such large quantities? Is it a coincidence that water covers approximately two-thirds of the earth’s surface? The amount of water in the ocean would cover the entire earth to a depth of about 8,000 feet if the surface of the earth were completely smooth.
Certainly this supports the Bible’s account of the earth being made of water as opposed to any molten substance.
But it’s not just the Bible that disagrees with the big bang model. There are many scientific flaws with the big bang that some in the scientific community have simply glossed over throughout the years.
If the big bang really happened, its severely high temperatures would have created hypothetical particles called “monopoles.” These are like magnets but with only one pole. The only problem is that monopoles should be stable, meaning they should have lasted up to this day.
Yet we have yet to discover any such monopoles. This indicates the universe was never anywhere near as hot as the big bang would require. The lack of monopoles, then, strengthens the idea of biblical Creation since the universe didn’t have to be hot for God to create it.
And not only is the universe missing monopoles, but it’s also missing the amount of antimatter the big bang would require. The big bang’s expansion from a singularity should have produced the same amount of matter and antimatter.
Yet clearly there is not as much antimatter as there is matter in the universe today. In fact, we have only discovered traces of antimatter.
One of the problems with the big bang was that scientists discovered that opposite parts of the sky had the same temperature. How could this be, if the universe had been slowly expanding? There would be no chance for those opposite parts to reach the same temperature, also known as thermal equilibrium.
Well, a theoretical physicist named Alan Guth suggested an ad hoc explanation called cosmic inflation as a solution to that problem. He asserted that 10-34 seconds after the big bang, the universe briefly and rapidly expanded, or inflated, to a much larger size with a velocity far faster than the speed of light.
That assumption supposedly solves the problem of thermal equilibrium, but it presents another issue—there’s no evidence for cosmic inflation and inflation problems abound. Again, scientists have created their own solutions to flaws with the big bang because it aligns with their evolutionary worldview.
Another scientific issue with the big bang is the twofold “hot and cold problem” with certain regions of the CMB.
The Axis of Evil (interesting name, huh?) is a large region of the mapped CMB that was hotter than expected temperatures than the big bang would allow for. The cold spot is a smaller circular region which has temperatures colder than expected. The WMAP (Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropy Probe), which launched in 2001, detected both of these problems.
Scientists have proposed several explanations for the cold spot. One suggestion is that it is the result of a supervoid in direction of the cold spot. A more fanciful proposal is that this is the signature of another universe that left its imprint on our universe during cosmic inflation that hypothetically happened shortly after the big bang.
Without getting lost in the technical detail, most cosmologists seem to be content to ignore the cold spot. Rather than confront the inconsistencies, scientists point to a lack of precise data and hope the inconsistencies just go away.
Another issue with the big bang conjecture is the logical questions of, “Where did the original matter come from?” and “How could a singularity of disorder create a universe of increasing order?”
The Second Law of Thermodynamics states that in a closed system, things go from an ordered state to a disorder state. The universe is a closed system so where did the order come from in the first place? This is not a problem for an all-powerful God to make things orderly.
The universe we see today is beautiful in its order and organization. Many things must fall exactly into place for life to even exist. Think of DNA’s complexity, the precise amount and types of molecules in the earth’s atmosphere, and even the perfect amount of gravity to sustain life.
Even the sun has a precise amount of gases so that human beings don’t burn alive or freeze to death. Without design and order, the sun would not supply the earth with life-giving heat and light.
How could a singularity like the big bang’s have produced such an ordered universe? Certainly this is evidence confirming our brilliant Creator! So far, scientists haven’t offered any other plausible explanations.
The idea that the universe is constantly expanding is the fundamental belief behind the big bang. But are we understanding the expansion we see correctly?
Dr. Danny R. Faulkner says no. Edwin Hubble discovered in 1929 that all galaxies are moving away from each other, indicating that the universe is expanding. Secular scientists have used this as evidence for the big bang, but this isn’t the only way to interpret the evidence. Read Dr. Faulkner’s explanation for more details on why.
Dr. Faulkner says the universe may very well be getting larger and even expanding. But even if it is, this does not inherently mean that the big bang occurred. There are many reasons the universe may be expanding, if it is doing so.
In fact, the Bible doesn’t contradict the idea that the universe is expanding (although it does refute the idea of billions of years of evolution). In Isaiah 40:22, the Old Testament prophet taught that God stretches out the heavens like a curtain and spreads them out like a tent to dwell in.
And Psalm 104:2 says that God “[stretches] out the heavens like a curtain.” Similarly, Jeremiah 10:12 says, “He has made the earth by His power, He has established the world by His wisdom, and has stretched out the heavens at His discretion.”
Lastly, Isaiah again says, “Thus says God the LORD, who created the heavens and stretched them out, who spread forth the earth and that which comes from it, who gives breath to the people on it, and spirit to those who walk on it” (Isaiah 42:5).
So an expanding universe was expected when you read the Scriptures. In fact, it is nice to know that Bible believers suspected this long before 1929 based on these Scriptures.
There simply isn’t any good reason to believe in the big bang. It is not compatible with the Bible, and it’s not good science. Why believe in a theory that scientists have to continually prop up with unverified hypotheses?
Watch as Dr. Faulkner explains the flaws with the big bang and why Creation is the best answer to the origin of the universe in Big Problems With the Big Bang on Answers.tv.
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