Christianity Today recently announced its 2022 Book Awards, a list of books deemed most likely to shape evangelical life, thought, and culture. Yet one of the winners on this list contradicts a plain reading of Genesis.
In Quest of the Historical Adam by Dr. William Lane Craig won an Award of Merit for the Apologetics & Evangelism category. This author, as CT points out, assumes evolution is true and argues that Adam and Eve were real people who lived 750,000 to a million years ago. Not only that, but Craig also claims Adam and Eve could be identified scientifically as homo heidelbergensis, which is thought to be an extinct subspecies of ancient human.
Paul Gould, associate professor of philosophy of religion at Palm Beach Atlantic University, calls Craig’s book a “bold, rigorous, original work at the intersection of faith and science” and lauds Craig for approaching the topic with “intellectual humility … to walk the path of reason in the search of truth.”
Craig is well known for his great work in defending the resurrection of Jesus Christ, a historical event that’s crucial to the gospel. But how should we respond to his evolution-based views of Adam—claims that contradict a plain reading of Genesis?
Remember What—and Who—Truth Really Is
The search for truth doesn’t start with assuming man’s reason is correct, including when it comes to evolutionary theory. It starts with the Bible. As Christians, God calls us to believe His Word above all else because it’s trustworthy and accurate in all it says.
In John 14:6, Jesus plainly says, “I am the way and the truth and the life; no man comes to the Father except through me” (ESV).
Psalm 12:6 tells us, “The words of the Lord are pure words, like silver refined in a furnace on the ground, purified seven times.”
Similarly, Paul tells Timothy, “All Scripture is breathed out by God and profitable for teaching, for correction, and for training in righteousness” (2 Timothy 3:16).
And Isaiah 40:8 says, “The grass withers, the flower fades, but the word of our God stands forever.”
God clearly tells us His Word is true and worthy of being trusted. But what does He say about man’s reason?
“It is better to take refuge in the Lord than to trust in man” (Psalm 118:8).
“Whoever trusts in his own mind is a fool, but he who walks in wisdom will be delivered” (Proverbs 28:26).
“Blessed is the man who makes the Lord his trust, who does not turn to the proud, to those who go astray after a lie!” (Psalm 40:4).
Does This Mean We Can’t Trust Science?
No, that’s not what those verses mean. Proverbs 25:2 says, “It is the glory of God to conceal things but the glory of kings to search things out.”
God gave humans the ability to learn, discover, and think logically so that we could expand our knowledge of Him and all He’s created. This is a very good thing!
The problem is when we accept man’s ideas as true even when they don’t line up with God’s Word.
For example, here at Answers in Genesis, we love learning more about God’s wonderful creation. And we certainly have no problem with observational science!
But we’re careful to note when researchers move from observational science (which relies on observable data to study the present) to historical science (which relies on assumptions to study the past).
When scientists make claims about the earth being billions of years old—or when theologians claim the real Adam and Eve were extinct human subspecies that lived at least 750,000 years ago—they are using historical science, not observational science. They are relying on evolutionary assumptions about the past to arrive at their conclusions. And as a result, sometimes those conclusions aren’t accurate.
That’s why it’s imperative that we rely on God’s Word as the absolute truth, even when studying science!
Learn More About the Earth’s History From a Biblical Worldview
The history of the earth and the universe in general is fascinating to study. But we must do so from a biblical perspective if we’re going to arrive at the truth.
At Answers TV, you can watch countless videos about apologetics and earth history from a God-honoring view.
Is there really a difference between observational science, which examines facts in the present, and historical science, which draws conclusions about the past? Not everyone thinks so. The answer has major implications for critical thinking, so let’s unpack these crucial definitions!
For 200 years, Western Christians have been told that the Bible is not clear about how long God took to create the earth or how old the earth is. But is that true? These four videos look at biased objections against the young-earth view.