Secular textbooks will tell you that the geologic column reveals a 4.5-billion-year history of the Earth. But if you look more closely, you’ll see there are millions of years missing in the geologic column. Could this be proof of a global Flood?
Why do we say that millions of years are missing in the geologic column? We know that wind and water can slowly wear away at rock. In fact, it’s a process called erosion that we can observe every day! But when you look at certain rock layers in the geologic column—which are supposedly millions of years old—we find something interesting.
Those millions of years’ worth of erosion … they’re missing!
You can see this for yourself if you go visit the Grand Canyon. That beautiful spot features layers upon layers of rock. Each of those nearly 40 layers of sedimentary rock fit nicely on top of each other. In fact, they fit so well that you can tell there’s hardly any erosion. There’s no weathering between those rock layers.
Secular scientists try to say that these rock layers were laid down over millions of years. But if that were true, we would see much more erosion.
Could a Global Flood Create the Geologic Column?
The lack of slow and gradual erosion indicates that these layers were laid down rapidly, one right on top of another. The only thing that could cause these layers to form so rapidly is a large-scale catastrophe—a catastrophe like Noah’s Flood.
If you look at Genesis 6-7, you can easily see that the Flood God sent during Noah’s day covered the face of the earth. Genesis 7 reveals that the floodwaters rose so high that they covered the mountains across the Earth, and “[God] blotted out every living thing that was on the face of the ground” (verse 23).
It’s crucial we take the global Flood into account when examining the geologic column.
Just as evolutionists assume the Earth began as a random, molten mass, biblical creationists assume that the Earth began with supernatural acts of God, who formed the original rocks and layers.
Then, when the Flood destroyed the Earth, it also destroyed these layers—or rather, rearranged and redeposited them.
Says science educator Roger Patterson: “As the waters covered the earth, and later flowed off the continents as the mountains rose, the major erosional features, like the Grand Canyon and Uluru, were carved out. Modern examples of canyon formation and rapid erosion provide models to explain how many formations can be described by the Flood and its aftereffects—and all within a few thousand years.”
Interpreting the Geologic Column Starts With Your Worldview
Depending on whether you use an evolution-based perspective or a Bible-based perspective, your interpretation of the geologic column will vary widely.
Evolutionists take a uniformitarian perspective. Uniformitarianism says that present-day processes acting at similar rates as observed today account for the change evident in the geologic record.
Young-Earth creationists, on the other hand, adhere to catastrophism, which says that changes to the geologic record are a result of physical processes operating at rates that are dramatically higher than are observed today. (Patterson points out that there are many different kinds of catastrophist views, and not all of them are biblical.)
According to the uniformitarian perspective, the Earth has gradually evolved from a molten sphere to the water-covered planet we see today. In this view, mountains are continuously eroded and uplifted, rocks are recycled through the Earth’s crust and mantle over billions of years, and radiometric dating is used to determine the exact age of the Earth.
This view accepts that catastrophes have occurred in a local sense, but it rejects any concept of a global catastrophe such as the Flood.
The problem with this view is that you can’t verify it. It’s based on assumptions, which is the same accusation creationists receive. (Although we have the Bible as an authority.)
No place on Earth showcases each layer in the geologic column. And while a general order is undeniable, the geologic column you find in textbooks is comprised of smaller columns you’ll find around the world.
As a result, how you interpret the geologic column depends on your starting point. Those who adhere to a biblical worldview will see the layers as evidence of a global Flood while evolutionists will see them as evidence of billions of years’ worth of history.
Which view will you start with?
Learn More About the Geologic Column From a Creationist Perspective
You’ll also love learning from geologist Dr. Andrew Snelling about rock formations from around the world. In Geology, Snelling teaches you how the geological record confirms the true history of the Earth as found in the Bible.
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